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Foundations of the West

Notes

otakar4.gif (45902 bytes)   Notes to Chapter 1

[1]  Ernest Wright and Robert Boling, Joshua (New York: Anchor Doubleday, 1982), 83.

[2]   François de Polignac, Cults, Territory, and the Origins of the Greek City-State, trans. Janet Lloyd (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995), 58.

[3]  J. K. Davies, Democracy and Classical Greece  ()xford, 1990), 46-47.

[4]  Barry Cunliffe, Greeks, Romans and Barbarians: Spheres of Interaction (New York: Meuthen, 1988), 15.

[5]   Cunliffe, 24.

[6]  Garth Fowden, Empire to Commonwealth (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993), 20-21.

[7]  Peter Green, Alexander of Macedon (Berkeley:  University of California Press, 1991), 6.

[8]  Claude Nicolet, The World of the Citizen in Republican Rome, trans. P. S. Falla (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980), 31.

[9]  F. E. Adcock, Roman Political Ideas and Practice (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1959), 13f.

[10]  F. W. Beare, "Zeus in the Hellenistic Age," in W. S. McCullough, ed, The Seed of Wisdom (Toronto, 1964), 97f.

[11]  Erich Gruen, The Hellenistic World and the Coming of Rome  (Berkeley:   University of California Press, 1984), 527.

[12]  P. A. Brunt, "The Fall of the Roman Republic," in Brunt, The Fall of the Roman Republic and Related Essays (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988), 28-30.

[13]   Adcock,  54f.

[14]  David Schotter, The Fall of the Roman Republic (London: Routledge, 1994), 27.

[15]   Nicolet, 92.

[16]   Nicolet, 398.

[17]   Adcock, 59.

[18]    Erich S. Gruen, The Last Generation of the Roman Republic (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1974), 9.

[19]  Gruen, Last Generation, 62f.

 

otakar4.gif (45902 bytes)   Notes to Chapter 2

[1]  W. Mierse, "Augustan Building Programs in the Western Provinces," in Kurt Raaflaub and Mark Toter, eds., Between Republic and Empire (Berkeley:  University of California Press, 1990), 325.

[2]  Mason Hammond, The Antonine Monarchy, 482.

[3]  Bel. Gal. 6.23

[4]  Cunliffe, 176.

[5]  Anthony Barrett, Caligula:  The Corruption of Power (New Haven:  Yale University Press, 1989), 87.

[6]  Cunliffe, 150.

[7]  Cassius Dio, 67.2.4.

[8]  Brian Jones, The Emperor Domitian (London:  Routledge, 1992), 161.

[9]  Graham Webster, The Roman Imperial Army (London:  A & C Black, 1985), 67.

[10]  Fronto, Princ. Hist. 10.

[11]  Benjamin Isaac, The Limits of Empire:  The Roman Army in the East (Oxford:  Clarendon, 1990), 51.

[12]  Michael Grant, The Antonines (London:  Routledge, 1994), 23.

[13]  Karl Christ, The Romans.

[14]  Scriptores Historia Augusta, Commodus, 16-19.

 

otakar4.gif (45902 bytes)   Notes to Chapter 3

[1]  Raymond E. Brown, The Gospel according to John, Anchor Bible, 29 (New York:  Anchor Doubleday, 1966).

[2]  Eccl. Hist. 3.11.1.

[3]  Tertullian, Contra Marcion, 1.15.

[4]  Contra Marcion, 1.2.

[5]  Jaroslav Pelikan, ...

[6]  De Praescriptione Haereticorum, 7.

[7]  Civitas Dei, 14.28.

otakar4.gif (45902 bytes)   Notes to Chapter 4

otakar4.gif (45902 bytes)   Notes to Chapter 5

otakar4.gif (45902 bytes)   Notes to Chapter 6

otakar4.gif (45902 bytes)   Notes to Chapter 7

[1]  George Duby, The Three Orders: Medieval Society Imagined (Chicago, 1982),  p. 13.

[2]  Heinrich Fichetenau, Lebensordnungen des 10. Jahrhunderts (Munich, 1992), p. 13.

[3]  Letter XCL (408 A.D.)

[4]  Robert Bartlett, The Making of Europe (Princeton, 1993), p. 5.

[5]   Foundation charter for Cluny, 910, Ernst Henderson, Select Historical Documents of the Middle Ages (London, 1896), pp. 329-333.

[6]  Josef Fleckenstein, Ordnungen und formende Kräfte des Mittelalters (Göttingen, 1989), p. 238.

[7]  Rene Doehard, The Early Middle Ages in the West, p. 125.

[8] Lex Bawiariorum, in Monumenta Germaniae Historica, I, Leges Nationum Germanicorum, V:2 (Hanover, 1926), 286-9.

[9]  Philippe Dollinger, Der bayerische Bauernstand vom 9. bis zum 13. Jahrhundert (Munich: C. H. Beck, 1982 ), 430-433.

[10]  Kenneth Setton, "On the Importance of Land Tenure and Agrarian Taxation in the Byzantine Empire, From the Fourth Century to the Fourth Crusade," American Journal of Philology, 74: 231.

[11]  Setton, p. 258.

[12] F. L. Ganshof, Feudalism (New York, 1961), pp. 6f.

[13]  Barbara Sasse, Die Sozialstruktur Böhmens in der Frühzeit: Historisch-archäologische Untersuchungen zum 9. -12. Jahrhunderts, Berliner Historiche Studien 7 (Berlin, 1982), 221.

[14]  Jean-Pierre Poly and Eric Bournazel, The Feudal Transformation, 900-1200, (New York, 1991), p. 58.

[15] Setton, p. 228.

[16]  Setton, p. 227.

[17]  Procopius, History of the Wars, VII, xiv, 22.

[18]  Duby, p. 177.

[19]   Bartlett, 121f.

[20]  Richard Hodges, The Anglo-Saxon Achievement (Ithaca, 1989), p. 168.

[21]  Marc Bloch, "From the Royal Court to the Court of Rome: The Suit of the Serfs of Rosny-Sous-Bois," in Sylvia Thrupp, ed., Change in Medieval Society (New York, 1964), p. 4

[22] Bloch, p. 5.

[23]   Giovani Tabacco, The Struggle for Power in Medieval Italy; Structures of Political Rule (Cambridge, 1989), pp. 198-203.

[24]  Gerd Tellenbach, Church, State, and Christian Society at the Time of the Investiture Contest (Oxford, 1959), p. 105.

otakar4.gif (45902 bytes)   Notes to Chapter 8

[1]   Ostrogorsky, 297.

[2]   Ostrogorsky, 322.

[3]   Marshall G. S. Hodgson, The Venture of Islam (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974), II: 263f.

[4]   Jaroslav Pelikan, The Growth of Medieval Theology (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978), 145.

[5] John Scotus Erigena, On Nature, 1:14, 31; 4:7.

[6]   Alan of Lille, On the Catholic Faith against the Heretics of his Time.

[7]   D. E. Luscombe, The School of Peter Abelard (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1969), 20.

[8]   Luscombe, 262.

[9]  Pelikan, Medieval Theology, 233.

[10]   Deno John Geanakoplos, Emperor Michael Palaeologus and the West (Cambridge, 1959), 140.

[11] Ostrogorsky, History of the Byzantine State, p. 465.

[12]   Margaret Wade LaBarge, Louis IX (Boston, 1968), pp. 105f.

 

otakar4.gif (45902 bytes)    Notes to Chapter 9

[1]   Malcolm Lambert, Medieval Heresy (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1992), 182.

[2]   Edouard Perroy, The Hundred Years War (New York, 1965), 114.

[3]   Perroy, 127.

[4]   Maurice Keen, "Wyclif, the Bible, and Transubstantiation," in Anthony Kenny, ed., Wyclif and his Times (Oxford, 1986), 1-16.

[5]   De potestate papae, ed. J. Loserth (London, 1909), 248.

[6]   Howard Kaminksy, A History of the Hussite Revolution (Berkeley, 1967), 32.

[7]   Lambert, 237.

[8]   Kaminsky, 19.

 

otakar4.gif (45902 bytes)   Notes to Chapter 10

otakar4.gif (45902 bytes)  Notes to Chapter 11

  otakar4.gif (45902 bytes)  Notes to Chapter 12

 

 

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